Geiselstellungen von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit

639 Dokumente in 'Geiselstellungen von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit'
Name
 
-0083 Geiselstellung zwischen Konsul Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus und Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix
Name
-0083 Geiselstellung zwischen Konsul Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus und Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix
Vorausgegangener Konflikt
Bürgerkrieg
Datum/Zeitangabe
-83
Inhalt/Kommentar
Die Gewohnheit, Unterredungen durch Geiselstellung abzusichern, zeigt sich auch in innerrömischen Konflikten. Hier ist es eindeutig eine wechselseitige Geiselstellung. In Fällen von Unterredungen mit Nicht-Römern wird meist nur die Stellung von Geiseln an die römische Seite erwähnt.
Quellenangabe
 
#1
Quellenangabe
App. B.C.1.10.85.
Quellentext
[85] Σύλλᾳ δὲ καὶ Μετέλλῳ περὶ τὸ Τεανὸν οὖσι Λεύκιος Σκιπίων ἐπῄει μεθ᾽ ἑτέρου στρατοῦ, πάνυ ἀθύμως ἔχοντος καὶ ποθοῦντος εἰρήνην γενέσθαι: αἰσθόμενοι δ᾽ οἱ περὶ τὸν Σύλλαν πρὸς τὸν Σκιπίωνα περὶ συμβάσεων ἐπρέσβευον, οὐχ οὕτως ἐλπίζοντες ἢ χρῄζοντες, ὡς στασιάσειν προσδοκῶντες αὐτοῦ τὸν στρατὸν ἀθύμως ἔχοντα. ὃ καὶ συνηνέχθη γενέσθαι. Σκιπίων μὲν γὰρ ὅμηρα τῆς συνόδου λαβὼν ἐς τὸ πεδίον κατῄει, καὶ συνῄεσαν τρεῖς ἑκατέρωθεν, ὅθεν οὐδὲ γνῶναι τὰ λεχθέντα συνέβη: ἐδόκει δ᾽ ἀναθέμενος ὁ Σκιπίων ἐς Νωρβανὸν τὸν σύναρχον περὶ τῶν λελεγμένων πέμψαι Σερτώριον ἀπαγγελοῦντα, καὶ ὁ στρατὸς ὁ ἑκατέρων ἡσύχαζε, τὰς ἀποκρίσεις ἀναμένοντες. Σερτωρίου δ᾽ ἐν παρόδῳ Σύεσσαν, ἣ τὰ Σύλλεια ᾕρητο, καταλαβόντος ὁ μὲν Σύλλας ᾐτιᾶτο πέμπων ἐς τὸν Σκιπίωνα, ὁ δέ, εἴτε τῷ γενομένῳ συνεγνωκὼς εἴτε ἀποκρίσεως ἀπορῶν ὡς ἐπὶ ἀλλοκότῳ δὴ τῷ Σερτωρίου ἔργῳ, τὰ ὅμηρα ἀπέπεμπε τῷ Σύλλᾳ. καὶ αὐτίκα ὁ στρατὸς αὐτοῦ, τῇ τε τῆς Συέσσης ἐν σπονδαῖς ἀλόγῳ καταλήψει καὶ τῇ τῶν ὁμήρων οὐκ ἀπαιτουμένων ἀποπέμψει τοὺς ὑπάτους ἔχοντες ἐν αἰτίαις, κρύφα τῷ Σύλλᾳ συνετίθεντο μεταθήσεσθαι πρὸς αὐτόν, εἰ πελάσειε. καὶ προσιόντος αὐτίκα πάντες ἀθρόως μετέστησαν, ὡς τὸν ὕπατον Σκιπίωνα καὶ τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ Λεύκιον μόνους ἐκ τοῦ στρατοῦ παντὸς ἐν τῇ σκηνῇ διηπορημένους Σύλλαν καταλαβεῖν. καί μοι δοκεῖ τόδε οὐ στρατηγοῦ παθεῖν ὁ Σκιπίων, ἀγνοήσας ὅλου στρατοῦ τοσήνδε συνθήκην.
Übersetzungen
[85] While Sulla and Metellus were near Teanum, L. Scipio advanced against them with another army which was very downhearted and longed for peace. The Sullan faction knew this and sent envoys to Scipio to negotiate, not because they hoped or desired to come to an agreement, but because they expected to create dissensions in Scipio's army, which was in a state of dejection. In this they succeeded. Scipio took hostages for the armistice and marched down to the plain. Only three from each side came to the conference, hence what passed between them is not known. It seems that during the armistice Scipio sent Sertorius to his colleague, Norbanus, to communicate with him concerning the negotiation and that there was a cessation of hostilities while they were waiting for an answer. Sertorius on his way took possession of Suessa, which had espoused the side of Sulla, and Sulla made complaint of this to Scipio. The latter, either because he was privy to the affair or because he did not know what answer to make concerning the strange act of Sertorius, sent back Sulla's hostages. His army blamed the consuls for the unjustifiable seizure of Suessa during the armistice and for the surrender of the hostages, who were not demanded back, and made a secret agreement with Sulla to go over to him if he would draw nearer. This he did and straightway they all went over en masse, so that the consul, Scipio, and his son Lucius, alone of the whole army, were left nonplussed in their tent, where they were captured by Sulla. That Scipio was not aware of a conspiracy of this kind, embracing his whole army, seems to me inexcusable in a general.
Literatur (Auswahl)
Walker, Hostages, Case-Nr. 178.
Akteur
 
#1
Name, Titel/Rang
Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus, Konsul
Rolle
Vertragspartner
Zugehörigkeit
Rom
 
#2
Name, Titel/Rang
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix
Rolle
Vertragspartner
Zugehörigkeit
Rom
Religiöse Konstellation
(Keine Auswahl)
Art der Übereinkunft
Waffenstillstand
Weitere Sicherheitsinstrumente
Befristung
Ja
Personenangaben zu den Geiseln
 
#1
Geschlecht
(Keine Auswahl)
Antritt der Vergeiselung
ja
Aufenthaltsort der Geiseln
beim jeweils anderen Heer
Schicksal der Geiseln
Terminus
Terminus 'Übereinkunft'
αἰτίαις σπονδαῖς